Some customers just insist, says Bootz

Some customers just insist, says Bootz

By the way: Not only in the western world sake has to grapple with prejudices. The drink also had a difficult time in the country of origin for a long time: "It was definitely not a cool drink. More like something your grandparents drank"says Watanabe. But that has changed in recent years. More and more young people were now interested in sake, blogs had emerged.

Warm or cold: both are possible

One last question remains: how do you drink sake properly? Best warm? Opinions differ on this. Motoka Watanabe likes to drink it warm in winter. This gives the sake an earthy aroma that tastes like mushrooms. To do this, the sake is heated in a water bath for about three minutes.

Ueno-Müller remembers that sake used to be served warm. Today you don’t necessarily do that anymore. The perfect drinking temperature for sake is between 5 and 10 degrees. So it can warm itself in the hand and develop its variety of flavors.

Literature:

Yoshiko Ueno-Müller: Sake – Elixir of the Japanese Soul, Verlag Kornmeyer, 240 S. Euro 32.00, ISBN-13: 978-3942051460.

Mainz (dpa / tmn) – Only switch the dishwasher on half full? The device runs better when fully loaded and in the economy program, advises the energy advice of the Rhineland-Palatinate consumer center. A savings program usually takes longer, but uses up to a third less electricity.

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Depending on the manufacturer, the designation for such an economy program differs; a look at the operating instructions will help here.

If you buy a new device, it is best to use efficiency class A +++, which can be read on the energy label. This also applies to energy guzzlers like tumble dryers. The wetter the laundry when it is filled and the drier it is to be removed, the higher the power consumption. Humidity-controlled tumble dryers stop as soon as the desired level of dryness is reached. Most electricity is still saved by simply hanging up your laundry to dry.

Coffee should be kept warm in a thermos instead of on the hotplate of the machine. Anyone who has a programmable fully automatic coffee machine can set the operating time as short as possible. If there is no automatic switch-off function, the machine is switched off immediately after brewing. Regular descaling and cleaning is also important. There are no energy labels for coffee machines, but machines with the Blue Angel eco-label are particularly economical.

The barbecue party of the future looks a little different. The EU Commission wants to ban some everyday plastic objects to protect the environment.what can i do to help my community essay But will that be of any use?

No more potato salad on plastic plates, no more fighting with plastic knives and forks against tough steaks, no more plastic straws in the soda. The EU Commission wants a ban on such disposable goods in order to better protect the environment from plastic waste – at least that’s what a draft directive scattered weeks ago. What the Commission is actually planning to present on Monday.

Where is the problem?

Enormous amounts of plastics are used worldwide, but also in Europe, and then thrown away. According to the EU Commission, around 26 million tons of plastic waste are produced every year in the EU alone, of which less than 30 percent is collected for recycling. A large part of the rest ends up in landfills or in the environment. As early as January, the Brussels authority demanded in a plastics strategy that all plastics should be recyclable by 2030.

Now it is following up with concrete proposals for regulations and bans, mainly with the aim of protecting the world’s oceans. It is estimated that up to 140 million tons of plastic are already floating in the oceans, with devastating consequences for fish and birds and also for the human food chain. According to EU data, up to 85 percent of the litter on European beaches is plastic, half of which are disposable products for single use.

What does the Commission intend to do about it?

According to the draft, she wants to target the ten plastic products that appear most frequently in this beach garbage with her guideline. Plastic things for which there are less harmful alternatives are to be banned. The draft, which was a few weeks old, lists: cutlery and crockery, drinking straws, drink sticks, holders for balloons and cotton swabs.

In addition, the Commission names single-use products in the draft that are not to be banned but are to be massively pushed back, including packaging for fast food, balloons, beverage packaging and lids. So that lids do not fly through the landscape, they should be constructed in such a way that they will stick to non-returnable bottles or drinking cups in the future. According to the draft, the commission wants to ask manufacturers of chip bags, cigarette filters and other products that are often found in the environment to pay for collections and information campaigns.

Finally, she wants to set the target for the EU states to collect at least 90 percent of single-use plastic bottles separately by 2025. One proposal for implementation in the directive: a one-way deposit, as was introduced in Germany in 2003.

Hasn’t the EU also proposed a plastic tax?

Budget Commissioner Günther Oettinger first talked about a plastic tax, but then brought up another variant: a levy that the EU states should pay to the EU for unused plastic waste. Oettinger speaks of 80 cents per kilo. That would be an incentive to recycle more.

When should the bans apply?

This can take a while. At first it is only a proposal that must now be clarified with the EU Parliament and the EU states. Before the European elections in 2019, that will be a close one. And because it is supposed to be a directive, the EU member states will have to cast them into their own laws after they have been passed.

Does the catalog of measures bring anything?

The business center for European politics is critical. The Commission is overshooting the target with the bans and restricting consumer choice. Information campaigns, deposit systems and, if necessary, local bans are sufficient, says cep expert Moritz Bonn. The Greens in the European Parliament argue the other way around: The approach of banning certain products is good, but not enough. A reduction in packaging waste and higher recycling rates are decisive. The Greens are calling for plastics to be fully recyclable as early as 2025, not 2030.

Why forbid drinking straws if that doesn’t help?

For activists around the world, plastic straws are the symbol of unnecessary one-time consumption with drastic ecological consequences. And it’s about huge numbers. There is no reliable data, but the Brussels-based environmental protection umbrella organization Seas at Risk estimates the annual consumption in the 28 EU countries at 36.4 billion stalks based on trade and waste statistics. Mathematically, each of the approximately 512 million EU citizens uses 71 pieces per year.

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And in the future? Large manufacturers have long been working on alternatives for products that may have been banned, including drinking straws. In April, for example, Tetrapak announced the switch to paper drinking straws by the end of the year – this concerns the tubes for juice or milk packs for direct consumption. Until then, there is simple advice for consumers who want to avoid littering through straws, says a spokeswoman: "Slide it back into the box so that they can be collected and recycled together."

Sources used: dpa

The coffee to go in the paper cup is quickly fetched, drunk and just as quickly disposed of – thousands of tons of garbage are generated every year in Germany. Environmentalists are demanding a deposit on one-way cups across Germany – in some cities there is already one.

Almost three billion coffee-to-go cups end up in the garbage every year – and the trend is rising. In order for the disposable cup to disappear completely, according to the German Environmental Aid, a nationwide deposit system is necessary, as is the case with beverage bottles. Politicians are also challenged: companies and customers would have to pay more if they used one-way instead of reusable. "The development is still in its infancy. Using the reusable cups must be as easy as using the disposable cups", demands Thomas Fischer, Head of Waste Policy and Circular Economy at Umwelthilfe.

In the meantime, a number of cities have declared war on the paper cup themselves and introduced deposit systems for reusable cups. Young people and coffee drinkers in trendy areas are increasingly turning to returnable cups, as experience shows. The reusable cup systems do not work perfectly in any city. The German Environmental Aid still sees this as a success. "The experiences are made at the local level"says Thomas Fischer, Head of Waste Policy and Circular Economy. The goal must be a nationwide deposit system – like that for beverage bottles.

Hanover, Oldenburg and Co. have introduced deposit cups

Deposit systems are already in place in the following cities: 

Hanover: "Hannoccino" is the name of the red reusable cup in Hanover, which you can get for a deposit of two euros in 150 cafés and shops. It mainly consists of parts that are biodegradable. Last August, the city and the waste management company aha den "Hannoccino" introduced. 50,000 are currently in circulation – and, according to aha estimates, could save at least 5.2 million paper cups a year. The reusable system is particularly popular in the city center and in trendy districts. "It’s always about: How enlightened are the people and how much do they focus on sustainability?"says spokeswoman Helene Herich.

Freiburg: Our colleagues in Freiburg have a little more experience. For the past year and a half, customers in 112 companies have been able to deny for a euro deposit "FreiburgCup" made from recyclable plastic. "Our reusable cups are mostly popular with young people"says Dieter Bootz from the waste management company ASF. Around the university, 60 percent of coffee-to-go drinkers used the white and green "FreiburgCup", elsewhere only 20 to 25 percent. The reason: "There are people who are used to their paper cups. Some customers just insist on it"says Bootz. And the large coffee and snack chains – which after all make up the majority of to-go sales – do not participate in the system, as in Hanover.

Oldenburg: In Oldenburg, too, more and more people are out and about with a deposit cup in their hands, has observed city planning councilor Gabriele Nießen. Last September the city introduced a reusable system. 50 shops will give out the 8,500 cups with the city silhouette for a deposit of one euro. But the system has not yet reached all customers, says Nießen. "If the cups are not on the front of the counter and offered aggressively, things will go worse." Therefore, the city now wants to write to all restaurateurs again.

A nationwide deposit system for reusable cups – that is what Fabian Eckert and Florian Pachaly want to achieve with their start-up. Her plan: completely banish the disposable cup. "This is something that is so incredibly unnecessary"says Eckert. That is why the two young Munich entrepreneurs developed the "Recup", a reusable cup made of sturdy plastic. In September 2016 they started their pilot project in nearby Rosenheim. It has since reached more than 20 cities, including Munich, Berlin, Cologne, Oldenburg and, more recently, Hamburg.

Coffee to go: Reusable cups are ecologically the best

Deposit cups for hand-held coffee are more sustainable than paper cups. But their production and recycling also consume resources. "Having your own reusable cup with you would of course be ecologically best"says Julia Post, who launched the initiative three years ago "Coffee to go again" founded. Cafés that take part not only fill coffee into cups they have brought with them, but also reward customers with a discount, for example. More than 500 companies in Germany now carry the campaign logo.

But lugging your own mug with you all the time, very few feel like it. Only a fraction of consumers are willing to do so, says Thomas Fischer from Deutsche Umwelthilfe. "That’s too much of a hassle for most." And then the coffee to go is no longer spontaneous – you have to think about the cup beforehand. It would be easier to enjoy the coffee in peace in the café again. Without to go.

Stiftung Warentest: The test winners for thermal mugs 162 liters per capita per year: New coffee trend towards whole beans Freiburg’s warning example: Coffee mug revolution could end before it began Danger in everyday life: Microplastic alarm – these products should not be bought Used Sources: dpa

Bonn (dpa / tmn) – Whether grated in a raw vegetable salad, in stews or dried in the oven as hearty chips: the essential oils of root parsley give many dishes a kick. If you want to use the vegetables in the kitchen, you should not confuse them with the parsnip.

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The two types of vegetables look very similar, but they taste very different. While root parsley has the typical parsley taste, parsnips taste similar to carrots. Fortunately, there is an unmistakable visual distinguishing feature: the small mound that the root parsley has at the thick end of the root from the leaf base.

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